Forest Land Management
Forest land management emphasizes cadastral tasks, and cadastral tasks give priority to land registration. Based on preserving the long-term integrity of national lands, various types of public facilities, public enterprises, and mining and quarrying operations on national forest must be approved in accordance with the regulations of Article 8 of the Forestry Act and other statutes.
Land registration management
In accordance with the Ministry of the Interior’s cadastral surveying and land registration on national forest lands, the first session completed land register of 1,007,224 hectares. The second session completed all at the end of 2009. Totally lands of 1,511,575 hectares are registered, based on the “guidelines for registration management of national property.” Management of property data cards is gradually established.
Leasing of national forest land
In accordance with Article 8 of the Forestry Act, national and public forests may be leased, transferred, or appropriated for use under the following circumstances:
- It's required for establishing a school, hospital, park, or other public facilities.
- It's required for national defense, transportation, or public water facilities.
- It's required for establishing public works.
- It's required for establishing a duly approved national parks, scenic areas, or forest recreation areas.
Leasing of forestry lands for quarrying gravels and mining is conducted based on the Mining Act and Gravel Quarry Law. It should not affect homeland security or destroy the soil and water conservation, afforestation as well as natural landscapes with sightseeing value. It should be reviewed carefully.
The Bureau's forest protection work emphasizes investigation and elimination of illegal logging and illegal cultivation, and prevention and control of forest fires. Apart from implementation of a forest protection responsibility system and strengthening forest land patrols intended to uncover illegal use and forest fires, etc., the Bureau has also adopted several forest protection measures intended to minimize damage.
Forest protection measures
The Bureau has divided the national forest in its care among eight forest district offices, and 35 ranger stations performing forest patrol work. A total of 782 forest rangers patrol forests and implement the forest land protection responsibility system. Since 2003, a forest protection geographic information display system and satellite positioning (GPS) receivers have facilitated the accurate location of inspection patrols. In the first half of 2014, the Forestry Bureau outsourced the development of “Forest Protection Measure Information System”. The effective integration of GPS, the Bureau's existing wireless communications system, and a geographic information system will strengthen real-time control and deployment of forest protection personnel, and will facilitate disaster relief and the elimination of illegal logging and cultivation.
The Seventh Special Police Corps of the National Police Agency under the Ministry of the Interior was established on January 1, 2014. Apart from helping forestry personnel stamp out illegal actions and forming joint mountain patrol teams, these police also conduct unscheduled inspection patrols. Starting in 2006, for guarding forests against a new form of illegal logging intended to obtain Anthodium and fir fungus, the Bureau is taking action in the following preventive measures:
- To establish a cooperation model spanning different forestry district offices and taking advantage of ties with county and city police departments, the Coast Guard Administration, and other relevant agencies. Regular conferences are held to exchange information and joint interdiction actions are implemented.
- Regularly inspect aerial photographs of key areas to check for changes, and sent out teams to perform onsite inspections. Electronic monitoring systems have been installed along major forest roads to facilitate interdiction work.
- Oversight the collection by forest protection personnel of suspicious phone calls concerning the purchase or sale of Anthodium fungus. Forest protection personnel then may request the forest and nature conservation police to investigate likely cases.
- The forest patrol team was established to conduct 5 to 7-day inspections of illegal logging in deep mountains, so as to strengthen the ban in the deep mountain areas.
Forest fire prevention and response
This Bureau has established a permanent forest fire control command center at its headquarters, and all Forest District Offices have established firefighting command departments. A total of 43 mobile firefighting teams, and 76 general firefighting squads have been established. The Bureau has also put the forest fire prevention and control system on a solid footing in accordance with the "Forest Fire Prevention and Control Program", and strengthened preventive measures. Apart from implementing rescue and clean-up tasks, the Bureau has also stepped up forest fire control training and awareness, and performs emergency response and fire area restoration measures after a forest fire occurs. The following are the Bureau's major forest fire control measures:
- Regular maintenance of fire breaks and forest roads; clearing of fuel from the sides of roads.
- Preparation and maintenance of fire extinguishing equipment; establishment and maintenance of an islandwide wireless communications system.
- Acquisition of the Forest Fire Response and Command System; training of the Incident command System (ICS) team responsible for disaster relief staff duties in the event of a medium or large forest fire, and helping improve firefighting capacity and coordination mechanisms.
- Fifty-five monitoring stations keep tabs on forest fire risk. The Bureau calculates forest fire hazard in various locations on a daily basis, and publicly announces this information on its website, also at the entrance to forest recreation areas and major forest roads, reminding the public to remain vigilant against forest fires.
- The Bureau conducts intensive patrols in conjunction with the forest police of areas where forest fires commonly occur. Roadside checks and patrols have been strengthened, and telephone monitoring in specific locations enables the early detection of suspected arson cases.
- The Bureau promotes the adoption of mountain forests among local indigenous residents, and hires fire prevention patrol team members to help patrol mountain areas, prevent fires, and fight forest fires.
- The Bureau uses electronic text media, TV walls, and roving awareness in mountain areas by Ranger Station personnel to strengthen publicity of fire prevention. Key publicity items include the maximum reward of NT$1 million for helping catch arsonists and a list of criminal penalties for violation of Article 53 of the Forestry Act.
- The Bureau has stepped up horizontal liaison with the Ministry of the Interior's National Airborne Service Corps, conducts regular aerial reconnaissance and maintenance missions from helicopter landing points, and holds joint air-land exercises intended to establish an airborne firefighting system. Thanks to the installation of forest firefighting equipment on the Ministry of National Defense's CH-47SD helicopters, the Bureau can ask the armed forces to provide airborne firefighting support when necessary.
Last updated on:2016-05-13