The Bureau plants protection forests in order to protect the ground, prevent slumping of soil and sand, protect water sources, block the wind, consolidates sand dunes, and generally protect and beautify the environment. Protection forests play an important role in protecting national land and conserving water and soil resources.
This bureau may designate certain forests as protection forests in accordance with the Forestry Act when necessary to prevent flooding or wind damage, protect water sources or reservoirs, strengthen protection of national land, improve the scenery, and protect people's lives and property. Since 1977, the Bureau has reviewed the disposition and area of existing shelter forests and important watershed areas, and has continued to designate protection forests. Furthermore, the Bureau determines implementation methods in view of protection forests' purposes and site conditions. There are currently 467,384 hectares of protection forests in Taiwan. Protection forests account for 22% of the island's entire forested area; 99.1% of protection forest area consists of national or public land, while 0.9% consists of private land.
For the purpose of implementing the management of protected forests, the Forestry Bureau regularly reviews survey projects according to the Regulations for Managing Protected Forests, in order to have in hand the latest status of forestry and land conditions with appropriate management. Due to Taiwan's small land area and urgent need for land resources, the Bureau stepped up protection forests inspection and inventory work starting in 1997, and reviewed the necessity of existing protection forests in view of their purposes, forest conditions, site conditions, and environmental factors. The protection forest designation of all forests not considered necessary was canceled. When inspections uncovered use of protection forest land for illegal farmland, fish ponds, buildings, graves, pastures, or unforested areas, the Bureau requested management agencies to crack down on illicit use and implement an afforestation plan so as achieve the desired protection forest functions.
Last updated on:2016-04-06