The objective of afforestation should consider towards high mountain conservation, slope land restoration, and on flat lands & costal wind break forest reforestation in the new century. It is adaptable to return forest succession for the operation of stand tending in the mountain area by regenerating and establishing the resource of mountain forests naturally. In addition, it is to promote the policy of landscaped reforestation from aspects of industry economics and ecology landscapes actively. The strategic forestation is “Implementing new policy of reforestation, regenerating natural green surroundings”. Its practical measures are as the following:
It would redact the basic principles of reforestation:
It would develop the national protection function of the productive forest land with the basis of forest ecology system.
There would be multi-storied stand instead of single-storied stand to plant the indigenous species by appropriate lands and trees.
According to the altitude of forests, it is to develop phases of natural forests by regeneration at the altitude above 1,500 meters. On the other hand, it is to promote the growth of timber quality and enrich forest resource by stand tending for the timber management region at medium and low altitudes.
Strengthening reforestation on plains and regeneration of costal wind break forest, it would create the greening new environment.
Indigenous trees and deep-rooted plants would replace from the review of bamboo degradation and guide to improve the management of bamboo for increasing the competitiveness of bamboo farmers.
Fulfilling the operation management by grading and zoning system of forest land, it would reinforce the regeneration ecology of lands degradation, and enrich forest resources.
It would be adopted silviculture for natural collapsed lands that are unreachable areas with indigenous trees surrounding to restore origin forest appearance. Meanwhile, it will be adopted to renew seeding naturally with artificial ecological regeneration for inferior regions including to retrieve inappropriate development lands and excessive exploited lands, collapsed and unstocked area.
It would enhance to manage plantation of stand tending that enables to increase the wood’s absorption of carbon dioxide for the designated forest management regions where are below the altitude of 1,500 meters of middle and low mountain areas.
It would be to research and develop special technologies and specific facilities for the advantage of local connatural bamboo by evaluating the application and objective value of domestic timber production from economic forests. Moreover, it will create new industry with its new purposes to provide benefits of the market and competitiveness of the industry.
Retrieving leased land reforestation in environmental sensitive areas and reinforcing management.
It would prioritize to proceed redemption at the potential debris flow areas, within 150 meters of riverbanks, reservoir catchment regions and above the altitude of 1,500 meters areas.
The first-class compensation and evicting would apply to those who is willing to relinquish as a renter of leased land reforestation in restricted cut forest areas.
There has to reinforce the management of guidance for both public and private forests, and issue the reward measures.
Short-term measures: It has to enact “Regulations of reforestation encouragement” as soon as possible. There would be the priority to reward and encourage reforestation for such collapsed, denuded, and scorched lands of national, public, private forests, aboriginal reserve.
Medium-term measures: It would be enforced grading and zoning in public and private forest lands. There has to be proceeding guidance in “Timber operation areas”; the other areas have to be planned and granted tending rewards for encouraging the maintenance of forest phases completely.
Long-term measures: Based on the long-term advantages of national land security, it would be retrieved to manage for private forest lands located in the risk of sensitive and dangerous areas.
Enhancing to promote flat lands reforestation that is able to increase the absorption of carbon dioxide for creating high quality of living environment to establish forests with production, ecology, leisure forest landscape simultaneously.
To expand the source of obtaining lands, it would formulate actively for the special area of economic reforestation that is planting domestic indigenous species with high economic value by domestic timber market demand.
Established a demonstration area is to consolidate resources, and promote “ecological leisure forest landscape” actively for the development of leisure forestry.
Reinforcing regeneration with renewing in the coastal wind break forest to built the green great wall of seashores.
To solidify soil is the root of reforestation. It would be able to ensure the success of reforestation by enhancing the work of sand dune stabilization.
The new planting forests along seaboard and wetland would be to retard the damages from draft sand, monsoon, salt mist and tidal wave and etc.
It would build regeneration of multi-storied forests to enhance the wind-proof and anti-disaster functions of coastal protection forests for the glade of coastlines and aged beefwood forests.
There would cultivate the native species along sea shores.
Strengthening the regeneration and planting for collapsed bamboo forests, and counseling forest farmers to promote their competitiveness.
Here would take restored measures to plant indigenous, deep-root woody plants for collapsed bamboo forests. Meanwhile, it would redeem or expropriate by grace budgets of government to improve phases of forests gradually for bamboo forests collapsed likely on steeper lands.
In order to develop the function for conservation of water and soil, it would utilize the selective cutting operation to advance regeneration and improve productivity for existing bamboo forests.
It would be economic bamboo forests to guide forest farmers with intensive operation for boosting their capability and quality of bamboo production from the grading and zoning of woodlands as bamboo forests.
It would be budgeted annually to handle research and development of forest products, promote utilization and production & marketing guidance by assisting to elevate competitiveness of forest farmers and integrating resources of industry, government, and academia as well. In the meantime, it would establish the strategic alliance within forest industry to improve supply chain of domestic and exported products. Consequently, it is able to achieve a singular work from the supply of raw material, value-added production, certificate of inspection, logistic marketing, and etc.. Also, forest farmers would participate in international exhibitions or fairs by guidance in order to promote the strength of competition in the world.