Walk into Nature
						Explore its Ecology
Walk into Nature Explore its Ecology

Carbon strategies in forest management

Forests take up 58.53% of the territory in Taiwan, with a stock volume of 358.7 million cubic meters. In terms of forest management, reducing carbon emissions and the greenhouse effect can be addressed through carbon conservation, carbon sequestration, and carbon substitution.

Strategy 1: carbon conservation

Carbon conservation refers to enlarging carbon storage in the forest ecosystem through enhanced land management. This can be achieved by increasing the land coverage or carbon density of forests, no matter if they are natural or artificial. Using forestry products more sustainably can also be helpful. Other practical forest-management methods include strengthening forestation, renewing natural forests, and turning farmland into woodland. These sustainable practices can all help to reinforce carbon conservation.

Strategy 2: carbon sequestration

The goal of carbon sequestration is to reserve carbon pools in forests. It is also aimed at controlling or reducing carbon release in carbon sinks. The relevant practices include setting up conservation zones, controlling forest fire, reducing forest land destruction, improving forest management, and conserving soil. Forest-sequestered carbon can also be kept through non-wood forest product production such as eco-friendly travel. Also, limited logging, forest protection and conservation, and better forest management work (such as less impactful logging, more thorough forestation, and effective use of wood) are helpful. Human interferences such as fire and pests should be kept under control. Unutilized forests will still set carbon back into the atmosphere, and therefore forest harvests, especially those of old-growth forests, should still be ensured.

Strategy 3: carbon substitution

The goal of carbon substitution is to transfer biomass carbon content to products such as structural materials and biofuel, and thus use them to replace petrochemical energy and products, cement, and other construction materials. A similar strategy is to grow short-rotation forest crops. Also, replacing high energy-consuming materials such as steel and cement with durable forestry products or using biofuel can help to reduce the needs of fossil fuel. 

In response to carbon mitigation, the Council of Agriculture under the Executive Yuan reinforces forest carbon management by improving carbon sequestration and conservation of healthy forests, carrying out carbon management policies and carbon economy analyses, and catching up with relevant global trends. 
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