Benefit-sharing of Forest Ecosystem Service Value
Forests are the largest ecosystem in the land, closely related to the basic resources and biodiversity required for human survival, and provide numerous environmental wealth and services.
Forest Sustainable Management and Industry Revitalization Plan
Forest Landscape Restoration: The Solution to Climate Change
Cases Case in Point #1 Danongdafu Ecological Corridor In the past, as a result of highway, railway, and land developments, wildlife habitats in the valley between the Central Mountain Range and the Coastal Mountain Range were divided into unconnected patches. Through long-term monitoring of wildlife populations and systemic planning, we were able to afforest a near-natural forest on an important junction to mend the division caused by the highway and railway. This provides indegenous species a safe corridor that can serve as their habitat. Case in Point #2 Hengchun Peninsula Biodiversity within the Hengchun Peninsula region was reduced by the invasion of Leucaena leucocephala, endangering the survival of many native species. To restore Hengchun Peninsula’s unique landscape of tropical monsoon forest, we combined the removal of Leucaena leucocephala with reforestation, and thus to restore the environment suitable for wildlife to inhabit. Principles include multi-variety, multi-layer dense mixed plantations of local species. Post-reforestation monitoring data showed an increase in local wildlife population and species variety. These efforts also comply with Nature-based Solutions (NbS) for climate change adaptation. Chinese Taipei will continue to collaborate with all economies, through enhancing community resilience and building a comprehensive ecosystem, to achieve sustainable development goals. More information: Nature Conservation On the central ridge across the island, about 2.197 million hectares, or 60% of Chinese Taipei, is forested. The forests provide diverse ecosystem services. It is estimated that forests in Chinese Taipei absorb more than 20 million tons of carbon dioxide annually, offsetting approximately 7% of the economic body’s total greenhouse gas emissions. This makes forest policies and measures, including forest cover increase, conservation, restoration, sustainable management, and adoption of wooden products important pathways for Chinese Taipei to achieve net-zero emissions in 2050 and to reach the goals of the 2021 Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forest and Land Use. ↑ Rice terraces in Jinshan, New Taipei City. Locals cultivate through the curve of hillside. Terraces not only protect the rich biodiversity in this area, and also preserve the traditional farming culture. Chinese Taipei also takes action on the habitat restoration in areas outside of public-owned forests, majorly foothills, plains and seashores, which are the traditional and natural habitats for nearly 60% of protected wild animals. These habitats are facing fragmentation and biodiversity loss due to human population increase and land development. To mitigate the situation, in 2018, we launched a new conservation action plan – to build the Ecological Green Network, which focuses on species and biodiversity conservation, ecological corridors, and landscape maintenance. Taking the mid-elevation to high-elevation public-owned forests as center, we afforest green belts and optimize water environments to link low-elevation forests, farmlands, wetlands, ponds, rivers, and seashores. To achieve that, we adopt various ecological principles, including native plants, near-natural forests, adaptation to local conditions, and eco-first, to create ecological corridors of multistratal forest with diverse indigenous plantations. Other strategies include encouraging eco-friendly farming, payment for ecosystem services, community-based forest management, and eco-friendly engineering mechanisms. We have also strengthened our collaborative relationships with water resources and transportation public agencies, for taking into account the conservation of endangered species and the protection of habitats and natural landscape along with infrastructure development. It also helps to strengthen our environmental resilience in facing climate change. Using various bio-information, eco-information and graphic overlay, we have been able to identify biodiversity hotspots and top priority conservation areas, including 44 Ecological Green Network focused areas and 45 conservation corridors. Among them, those with habitat fragmentation or disjoints are top priorities for reconnection of local ecosystems by restoring the green belts. Spatial planning for such restoration projects in those areas also becomes important guidelines in cross-agency collaboration. ↑ In Jinshan, New Taipei City, large-scaled paddy fields remain wetlands all year around to provide a habitat for migratory birds. The Forestry Bureau of Chinese Taipei also aims to build new partnerships with various stakeholders in our process of weaving the Ecological Green Network, Especially through increasing natural carbon sink to gain carbon credits and issuing ESG certification, we strive for business investments in related forest and landscape restoration. To create incentives for business investments, Chinese Taipei has planned and completed A Methodology for Afforestation which is compliant with the UN Clean Development Mechanism, and is currently developing A Methodology for Forest and Bamboo Management. ↑ In PateRungan, Fengbin, Hualien County, a diverse mosaic habitat composed of forests, river, farmlands and human settlementconserves a rich biodiversity.
Last updated on:2016-08-01